Research in IGGRC

Research Highlights

 Evolution of Earth's Mantle and Crust

  • Sm-Nd isotope and 142Nd study on the formation and evolution of Earth’s primitive crust, the early differentiation of the silicate portion of the Earth, and the evolution and interactions of the early formed geochemical reservoirs.
  • 182W in mantle-derived rocks to study the early Earth processes occurring the first tens to few hundreds of millions of years of the Earth’s history.
  • Lu-Hf isotope and 142Nd study on Saglek-Hebron complex in Northern Labrador (>3.6 Ga).
  • Pb, Nd and Sr isotope study of the Cenozoic volcanic rocks in southwestern China, and implications for the post-collison tectonic evolution in the sotheast margin of the Tibetan plateau.
  • Composition of modern mantle from geochemical studies of basaltic rocks from oceanic islands and mid-ocean ridges; the interplay between tectonism and magmatic processes in continental volcanism; and the application of geochemical models to the origin of ancient volcanic rock sequences and metalliferous deposits.
  • Measurement of 40Ca/42Ca ratios from carbonatites of different ages to monitor mantle evolution through Earth's history.
  • Pb, Nd and Sr isotope geochemistry of carbonatites and alkalic rocks of shield areas to characterize the geochemical evolution of their mantle sources.
  • Measurement of fractionation of Ca isotopic ratios (44Ca) in marine carbonates, with applications for paleotemperatures, biogeochemical processes, and the geological and environmental evolution of the planet.
  • Measurement of 48Ca anomalies in carbonatites worldwide to evaluate an involvement of distinct nucleosynthetic sources during the Earth's accretion and the scale of mantle differentiation.
  • U-Pb geochronology analyses of subdomains of zircon and monazite crystals in conjunction with imaging techniques establish ages of more than one growth, recrystallisation and/or Pb-loss event in crystals with complex history.
  • U-Pb geochronology studies to constrain timing of deformation and metamorphism in high-grade rocks of the Canadian Cordillera and Grenville Province; implications for geologic process and tectonics during the formation of mountain-belts.
  • TIMS U-Pb geochronology studies paired with MC-ICP-MS data from Hf in dated zircons to constrain age and source of rocks.
  • Tracing the mobility of metals in subduction zones using isotopic ratios of serpentines and mantle-derived xenoliths.

Enviroment and Climate

  • Analysis of Sr in carbonate shell-material to define the Sr seawater curve.
  • Analysis of Sr from carbonate and sulphate-rich sedimentary rocks to determine marine versus non-marine origin.
  • Analysis of Sr from siliciclastic sedimentary rocks and sediments to establish provenance.
  • Analysis of Sr from fresh-water and pore-waters, to establish provenance.
  • Measurement of boron (11B) isotopic composition in marine carbonates with implications for the paleo-pH variations in seawater.
  • U-Th disequilibrium dating to resolve the ages of regional climatic variations and sea level change.